Coenonympha ochracea pseudobrenda

Photo Life History: Coenonympha ochracea pseudobrenda;

Habitat:  Mountain Canyons

Host Plants:  Bunch grasses.

Suitable Lab Host Plants: Bromus inermus; Phalaris arundinacea(Larvae will accept most grasses in the lab.)

How to Find Female Butterflies:  Click here.  Females can be flushed out of meadows by gently waiving a butterfly net over the tops of grasses. 

Caring for Live Female Butterflies:  Nectaring techniques

Methods of Female Oviposition:  Open Screen Cages; Portable Cages; Potted Plant Sleeves. (Females sometimes oviposit on dead grass blades.)

How to Find Eggs:

How to Hatch Eggs:  Consolidate eggs into one container.

How to Find Caterpillars in the Field:

How to Find Pupae in the Field: 

Caterpillar setups:  Open terrariums; Open Bucket; Potted Plant

Larva to Pupa:  Caterpillar silks to leaf or twig; creates and attaches cremaster; hanging as a J before pupating.

Number of Broods per Year:  1

Overwintering Stage:  Third or fourth instar. 

Overwintering Strategies:

Post-Hibernation Strategies: 

Emergence:  Emergence Container

Avoiding Diapause Techniques:  

Disease Prevention:  Change out host plant and remove frass every three to five days. 

Emergence:  Emergence Container

Field Notes: Unlike Coenonympha ochracea elko, I have not been able to get lab-reared larvae of Coenonympha tullia pseudobrenda to avoid diapause at third or fourth instar.  They continue to feed; but do not grow past a certain size and instar.  Whether or not this is a specific difference between the two taxa, I don't know.